Updated: 26 September 2013
New Trends in e-Humanities
(formerly called Research meeting)
KNAW e-Humanities Group
The e-Humanities Group generally holds a research meeting every Thursday afternoon, and persons interested in the topics of the presentations are welcome to attend. Meetings are held from 15.00 – 17.00 with one or two presentations on current research, followed by discussion.
The research meetings are held in the facilities of the Meertens Institute, Joan Muyskenweg 25, Amsterdam (for directions, see: http://www.meertens.knaw.nl/cms/en/contact), in the Symposiumzaal located on the ground floor.
Scholars engaged in the broad domain of e-research in the humanities and social sciences are invited to share their work at these meetings; please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Academic Year: 2013-2014
(dates in reverse chronological order)
eHg Annual Lecture
Tim Tangherlini, UCLA
[Title & details to follow]
Frank van Harmelen, Free university Amsterdam (VU)
[Title and details to follow]
NO Research meeting due to eHg Workshop ‘Critical perspectives on digital humanities’ at Public Library Amsterdam
eHg Workshop KNOWeSCAPE
Vincent Traag, eHg and KITLV
No RM due to UDCC Conference 2013, The Hague. Co-organised by eHg
Loet Leydesdorff, Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR, UvA);
Toward a network theory of innovation:Heterogeneity in relations, positions, and perspectives
Knowledge-based innovations span networks across functional domains such as novelty production in R&D and wealth generation on the market. The indicators of these domains are heavily institutionalized. For example, maps of patents in USPTO cannot easily be compared with publications in the Web-of-Science; innovations require the mapping of interfaces: different perspectives have reflexively to be recombined. When the systems are animated in parallel (for example, on split screens) one can show delays and feedbacks among the different domains.}
In early stages of a knowledge-driven technology, for example, researchers may preferentially attach to the inventors, whereas in a next stage, preferential attachment moves to global “centers of excellence” such as Boston, London, and Seoul. The economic dynamic may be orthogonal; for example, in terms of marketable applications.
Using CuInSe2 is a material used for the coating of Photovoltaic Cells in thin layers. We study these technologies for Alkemade et al. (in preparation) in terms of both patent classes (cognitive diffusion) and inventor addresses (geographical diffusion). The development of inventor addresses in USPTO data is shown at http://www.leydesdorff.net/photovoltaic/cuinse2 (or similarly for PatStat data at http://www.leydesdorff.net/photovoltaic/cuinse2.patstat ). One can see the animations at http://www.leydesdorff.net/photovoltaic/cuinse2/animate.html.
The development of International Patent Classifications in this same set is visualized at http://www.leydesdorff.net/photovoltaic/cuinse2/cuinse2.ppsx. The development of the (Rao-Stirling) diversity shows the three generations of the technology that can inform the interpretation of the geographical diffusion. (Figure 1)
Fernie Maas (VU History Department), Albert Merono (VU Computer Science), Wouter Beek (VU Computer Science)
Dutch Book Trade 1660-1750: using the STCN to gain insight in publishers’ strategies
Despite a stagnating domestic demand near the end of the seventeenth century, Dutch book producers managed to keep up their international market position. In a so-called embedded research project, the Short Title Catalogue, Netherlands (STCN) was used to gain insight in the strategies and decisions of these publishers. The STCN is a retrospective bibliography of publications 1540-1800, containing information on title, author, book producer, language, subject and collation. Historians and computer scientists collaborated to disclose this STCN, and to connect it to other relevant datasets. To explore the possibilities of, and difficulties in, disclosing and linking the bibliography, attention was turned to a particular strategy: publishing scandalous books. Next to explaining the process of converting and querying the STCN data, the presentation will deal with differences in handling data and the advantages of an Open Data approach in the humanities research.
Marnix van Berchum, DANS (KNAW)
Linked sources: a network approach to the repertory of sixteenth-century polyphony (an introduction)
Scattered over the many libraries and archives of Europe, lie the remnants of past musical cultures. Musical manuscripts and prints provide us with glimpses of the repertories that were circulated, collected and performed. From its beginnings in the 19th century musicology has been involved with the study of these musical repertories. Sources have been studied from codicological viewpoints, the compositions these sources contain from stylistic angles. My current PhD research approaches the repertory of sixteenth-century music from the perspective of network theory. Musical compositions are regarded as cultural artefacts, contextualised within the transmission of music and broader socio-economic conditions of a defined historical period. This approach exploits the characteristics of musical sources and their content as networked entities, providing a more formalised view of the term ‘repertory’.
In my presentation I will introduce the above described research project. I will talk about the problems of approaching a distinct period from the history of music from the viewpoint of network theory. How can the network be modelled? What are the characteristics of such a network? What musicological questions can be answered.
The above will be illustrated by a first case study on one of the most famous sets of musical manuscripts from the early decades of the sixteenth century. These manuscripts were produced by the scriptorium of Petrus Alamire and were mainly created for the Habsburg-Burgundian court.
Marnix van Berchum studied Musicology at Utrecht University, and specialized in musical culture of the 15th and 16th century. He graduated with a thesis on the motets of Jachet Berchem (c.1505-1567). He is pursuing his PhD research at Utrecht University, in which he wants to apply the concepts and methods of network theory on the dissemination of music in the sixteenth century. Furthermore Marnix is Associate Director of the CMME Project (www.cmme.org).
Marnix is currently part time employed at DANS – the data archive of NWO and KNAW (www.dans.knaw.nl) – where he works amongst others on the Europeana Cloud and CLARIN-NL projects. He has a wide range of experience in projects related to Open Access, innovations in scholarly communications and ‘digital musicology’.
Lambert Schomaker, University of Groningen (RUG)
New digital-humanities methods for paleography and handwritten manuscript analysis
In this presentation I will address digital and e-Science methods for the analysis of scans of handwritten or complicated machine-print manuscripts. Over the last few years we have developed two systems: Monk and GIWIS for word retrieval and identification of the hand, respectively. We will start with an introduction of the general philosophy behind the methods: What is expected of image quality including pre-processing steps, what are the limitations. We will do this chronologically, from the ‘ingest’ of a collection to the actual use. In the second part of the tutorial, we will zoom in on an interactive e-Science system for the training of word and character shapes by the Monk system. The Monk system currently deals with collections ranging from the dead sea scrolls to medieval manuscripts, and from 17th century captain’s logs to early 20th century administrative indices. Through a continuous interaction between human and the learning machine, word and character shape classes are constructed through agglomeration. By using several recognition methods in sequence, the principle of the Fahrkunst elevator can be used: the system is pushed to an increased performance by the stepwise shifts. I will show some recent results in mining characters in the Dead Sea Scrolls. The principle of stepwise ‘uplifting’ also takes place at the level of the refinement of transcriptions, which constitutes the latest addition to the Monk tools.
prof. dr. Lambert Schomaker
Artificial Intelligence & Cognitive Engineering (ALICE) University of Groningen The Netherlands
First RM in new academic season
Lotte Wilms, Steven Claeyssens, Clemens Neudecker (National Library, KB), Hugo Huurdeman (University of Amsterdam, UvA)
Digital Humanities at the Koninklijke Bibliotheek
In the past two decades or so, national libraries have been digitising millions of pages of books, newspapers, magazines and other text based collections. In this digital age, the research landscape is changing rapidly, with scholars able to ask new types of questions and answer them in novel ways by working with a wide variety of materials and in new collaborative modes.
The National Library of the Netherlands (KB) has planned to have digitised and OCRed its entire collection of books, periodicals and newspapers from 1470 onwards by the year 2030. But already in 2013, 10% of this enormous task will be completed, resulting in 73 million digitised pages, either from the KB itself or via public-private partnerships as Google Books and ProQuest. Many are already available via various websites (e.g. kranten.kb.nl, statengeneraaldigitaal.nl, anp.kb.nl, earlydutchbooksonline.nl) and we are working on a single entry point to (re)search all sets simultaneously.
All these changes in the research landscape also ask for a change in the way the library works with the users and researchers of the material. This presentation will deal with the steps the KB has taken to support the requests for the researchers by setting up a Data Services team to simplify the access to our data. The Data Services team also works closely with the Research department, where work is also being done to offer (technical) support to the users and to gather input to better meet the needs of the researchers.
Already curious about our sets? See http://www.kb.nl/en/data-services-apis for more info or go to http://tinyurl.com/KBandDH to leave your feedback.
Steven Claeyssens is the Data Services Coordinator at the National Library of the Netherlands (KB). He has an MA in Germanic Philology from Ghent University and an MA in Book Studies form Leiden University. He has worked at the KB since 2005 as Analytical Bibliographer, Information Specialist and Collection Specialist. He is finishing a PhD on Dutch publishing history.
Lotte Wilms works in the European Projects team of the Research department of the National Library of the Netherlands. She is the KB Project Leader for Europeana Newspapers and coordinates several Digital Humanities efforts from the Research department of the KB. She has a BA in English Language and Culture and an MA in Medieval Studies from the University of Utrecht. She has worked at the KB since 2008 on various (digitisation) projects.
Clemens Neudecker, M.A., Technical Coordinator for the Research team in the Innovation and Development department of the KB.
Hugo Huurdeman, University of Amsterdam. Researcher in the WebART project (http://www.webarchiving.nl/)
Please click on Archive for an overview of former Research Meetings